ON THIS DAY: Queen Victoria instituted Britain's highest military decoration, the Victoria Cross

South Wales Argus: ON THIS DAY: FOR VALOUR: The Victoria Cross, like that worn by Cwmbran Rorke's Drift veteran John Fielding, was instituted by Queen Victoria on this day in 1856 ON THIS DAY: FOR VALOUR: The Victoria Cross, like that worn by Cwmbran Rorke's Drift veteran John Fielding, was instituted by Queen Victoria on this day in 1856

1728: John Gay's The Beggar's Opera was first performed, with a score derived from popular ballads of the time.

1820: George III, longest-lived and longest-reigning King of England, died at Windsor aged 81.

1856: Queen Victoria instituted Britain's highest military decoration, the Victoria Cross.

South Wales Argus: File photo of a Victoria Cross medal

1880: WC Fields, US comedian who claimed he wouldn't act with children or animals, was born in Philadelphia.

1886: Karl Benz patented the first practical car with petrol-driven internal combustion engine. It had three rubber-tyred wheels and went at 9.3mph.

1916: Zeppelins bombed Paris for the first time.

1942: Desert Island Discs started on BBC Radio, presented by Roy Plomley. His first castaway was comedian Vic Oliver.

1951: Actress Elizabeth Taylor, 19, divorced her first husband, hotel chain heir Nicky Hilton.

South Wales Argus: Over 60 unpublished love letters relating to Elizabeth Taylor will be put up for auction in New Hampshire (AP)

1980: Jimmy Durante, ''Schnozzola'', American comedian, died aged 87.

1985: Oxford University dons refused to grant Margaret Thatcher an honorary degree.

South Wales Argus: The papers indicate that then prime minister Margaret Thatcher was aware of Britain's involvement

1988: Failed opera singer Bantcho Bantchevsky leapt to his death from the balcony of New York's Metropolitan Opera House during a performance of Verdi's Macbeth.

ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: The acting editor of the Sunday Times echoed News International boss Rupert Murdoch's apology about a 'grotesque' cartoon which appeared in the paper sparking claims of anti-semitism.

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