Colleges are failing to put jobseekers on courses that will help them find work, inspectors have warned.
Instead, these adults are being offered basic classes which simply lead to qualifications or more training, according to an Ofsted report. Less than one in five jobseekers were successful in gaining work after taking courses at a further education (FE) centre, it found.
The watchdog said that finding employment is not considered a high priority, and that more must be done to match people to courses that will lead to jobs.
Ofsted's report looked at how good colleges and other FE centres, such as private providers and local councils, were at matching jobseekers to courses that will help them find work. It comes in the wake of a push by the Government to get colleges to prioritise vocational training for unemployed adults.
The report found that out of 10,270 jobseekers at 31 colleges and other FE centres, 19% found work. Many centres were not offering adults challenging courses that were likely to increase their chances in the workplace, it said.
"Progression to employment was not a high enough priority," the report concluded. "Too many programmes focused on the achievement of qualifications and the funding did not extend to training which led to job-focused licences. While the employability programmes provided good support in job search skills, they generally failed to tackle participants' often deep-seated barriers to employment."
Inspectors found that some centres were slow to respond to the Government's initiative, launched last August. Just under half of the centres visited said they had faced problems in recruiting people for specific job skills, which had led to low numbers and cancelled courses. The most successful attempts to get people into work were through tailored programmes set up with businesses, local councils and jobcentres, the report said.
Many of the places visited did not do enough to boost students' literacy, numeracy and language skills, it added. "Just over half the providers referred participants with low-level skills to their existing long-term programmes," Ofsted's report said. "Although this provision often provided good teaching and learning towards qualifications, it typically failed to provide intensive training in work-related skills required for specific job roles."
Martin Doel, chief executive of the Association of Colleges, said: "Ofsted's Skills for Employment report addresses a number of issues that our member colleges have been concerned about for some time, namely the difficulties they face in being able to arrange work experience for students, the barriers jobseekers sometimes face in getting the training they need and colleges being funded to deliver national programmes of study that do not always meet local employment needs.
"One of the biggest challenges for colleges in moving jobseekers from training into employment is this issue of generic training, the format of which is determined by awarding organisations; as Ofsted points out, the most successful programmes are bespoke ones that were set up in collaboration with Jobcentre Plus on a local level. Colleges need the freedom to be able to fund and deliver this kind of training, and awarding organisations need to make their general employment programmes more flexible."